NULL METHOD OF MEASUREMENT
A null method of measurement is a simple, accurate and widely used method which depends on an instrument reading being adjusted to read zero current only. The method assumes:
(i) If there is any deflection at all, then some current is flowing;
(ii) If there is no deflection, then no current flows (i.e. a null condition).
Hence it is unnecessary for a meter sensing current flow to be calibrated when used in this way. A sensitive milli-ammeter or micro-ammeter with center zero position setting is called a galvanometer. Examples where the method is used are in the Wheatstone bridge, in the DC potentiometer and with AC bridges.
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