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SWITCHGEAR

SWITCHGEAR

The apparatus used for switching, controlling, and protecting the electrical circuits and equipment is known as switchgear.

The switchgear equipment is essentially concerned with switching and interrupting currents either under normal or abnormal operating conditions. The tumbler switch with an ordinary fuse is the simplest form of switchgear and is used to control and protect lights and other equipment in homes, offices, etc. For circuits of a higher rating, a high-rupturing capacity (H.R.C.) fuse in conjunction with a switch may serve the purpose of controlling and protecting the circuit. However, such switchgear cannot be used profitably on high voltage systems (3·3 kV) for two reasons. Firstly, when a fuse blows, it takes some time to replace it and consequently, there is an interruption of service to the customers. Secondly, the fuse cannot successfully interrupt large fault currents that result from the faults in high-voltage systems.
With the advancement of power systems, lines, and other equipment operate at high voltages and carry large currents. When a short circuit occurs in the system, the heavy current flowing through the equipment may cause considerable damage. In order to interrupt such heavy fault currents, automatic circuit breakers (or simply circuit breakers) are used. A circuit breaker is a switchgear that can open or close an electrical circuit under both normal and abnormal conditions. Even in instances where a fuse is adequate, as regards breaking capacity, a circuit breaker may be preferable. It is because a circuit breaker can close circuits, as well as break them without replacement, and thus has a wider range of use altogether than a fuse.

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Aanchal Gupta

Welcome to my website! I'm Aanchal Gupta, an expert in Electrical Technology, and I'm excited to share my knowledge and insights with you. With a strong educational background and practical experience, I aim to provide valuable information and solutions related to the field of electrical engineering. I hold a Bachelor of Engineering (BE) degree in Electrical Engineering, which has equipped me with a solid foundation in the principles and applications of electrical technology. Throughout my academic journey, I focused on developing a deep understanding of various electrical systems, circuits, and power distribution networks.

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