ACTIVE FILTERS OR ACTIVE POWER LINE CONDITIONERS
The growing number of power electronics base equipment has produced an important impact on the quality of electric power supply. Both high-power industrial loads and domestic loads cause harmonics in the network voltages. At the same time, much of the equipment causing the disturbances is quite sensitive to deviations from the ideal sinusoidal line voltage. Therefore, power quality problems may originate in the system or may be caused by the consumer itself.
For an increasing number of applications, conventional equipment is proving insufficient for the mitigation of power quality problems. Harmonic distortion has traditionally been dealt with by the use of passive LC filters. However, the application of passive filters for harmonic reduction may result in parallel resonances with the network impedance, over-compensation of reactive power at the fundamental frequency, and poor flexibility for dynamic compensation of different frequency harmonic components.
The increased severity of power quality in power networks has attracted the attention of power engineers to develop dynamic and adjustable solutions to power quality problems. Such equipment, generally known as active filters, are also called active power line conditioners and are able to compensate for current and voltage harmonics, reactive power, regulate terminal voltage, suppress flicker, and improve voltage balance in three-phase systems.
Advantages of active power filter:
The advantage of active filtering is that it automatically adapts to changes in the network and load fluctuations. They can compensate for several harmonic orders and are not affected by major changes in network characteristics, eliminating the risk of resonance between the filter and network impedance. Another plus is that they take up very little space compared with traditional passive compensators.
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